In Vitro Fertilization is a one assisted reproductive technology (ART) commonly referred to as IVF.. The process involves monitoring and stimulating a woman’s ovulatory process, removing an ovum or ova(egg or eggs) from the woman’s ovaries and letting sperm fertilise them in a liquid in a laboratory. The fertilised egg ( zygote) is cultured for 2–6 days in a growth medium and is then implanted in the same or another woman’s uterus, with the intention of establishing a successful pregnancy.
Other forms of ART include gamete intrafallopian transfer (GIFT)and zygote intrafallopian transfer (ZIFT).
Procedure IVF (how its Done)
Suppressing natural monthly hormone cycle
A drug is given to suppress the natural cycle, which can be self administered in the form of a daily injection or a nasal spray,for about two weeks.
2.Boosting the Ova supply
After natural cycle has been suppressed, one is given a fertility hormone (gonadotrophin) .This is given/administered as a daily injection for around 12 days.
The doctor monitors progress throughout the drug treatment through vaginal ultrasound scans and, possibly, blood tests.Around 34-48 hours before collection of the eggs(ova) Hcg( human chorionic gonadotrophin) hormone is administered.
4.Collecting the Ova
The eggs are collected using an ultrasound probe while one is sedated.After collection one is given medication (pessaries or gel to apply )
Ova is mixed with sperm and cultured for 16-20 hours to allow fertilisation.After fertilisation the successful Embryos are incubated for 6 days while being monitored pending transfer.
Any remaining embryos of suitable quality can be frozen for future use
Speculum is attached in vagina,using ultrasound guidance a catheter is passed to Womb and embryo (SET ) or embryos passed.
Risks Associated with IVF
risks associated include multiple births(twin,triplets or more,Ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome,Birth defects,infections during harvesting of ova,
Clinics offering IVF in Kenya
The Nairobi IVF center
located at LandMark Plaza, off Argwings Kodhek Road, opposite The Nairobi Hospital.
serves patients from all over the world and assists in arranging accommodation in Nairobi for the duration of treatment.
Mediheal Diagnostic and Fertility Centre – Nairobi
P.O. Box 39698 – 00623, Parklands Mediplaza,
3rd Parklands Avenue, Opp Aga-Khan Hospital,
254 (0) 736638073
254 (0) 722218416
Aga Khan infertility center
Cost of IVF in Kenya
in vitro fertilisation (IVF) cost about 300,000 Shillings for one transfer