Colposcopy is a medical diagnostic procedure to examine an illuminated, magnified view of the cervix and the tissues of the vagina and vulva.
Indications for colposcopy Kenya
Colposcopic evaluation is indicated when the presence of a malignant or pre-malignant lesion in the cervix, vagina, or vulva is suspected.This situation may arise when an unusual cervical lesion is detected as the result of inspection of the vagina and cervix for an unrelated reason.
Another specific indication is evaluation of a patient who presents with post coital vaginal bleeding. Although this symptom is most commonly the result of vaginal or cervical trauma, post coital bleeding is a classic symptom of cervical cancer.
Procedure for colposcopy Kenya
You’ll lie on your back on a table with your feet in stirrups, just like during a pelvic exam or Pap smear(pap test).
The doctor places a metal speculum in your vagina. The speculum holds open the walls of your vagina so that your doctor can see your cervix.
Your doctor/gynecologist positions the special magnifying instrument, called a colposcope, a few inches away from your vulva. A bright light is shown into your vagina, and she/he looks through the lens, as if using binoculars.
Your cervix and vagina are swabbed with cotton to clear away any mucus. Your doctor may apply a solution of vinegar or another type of solution to the area. This may cause a burning or tingling sensation. The solution helps highlight any areas of suspicious cells.
How to prepare for colposcopy Kenya
Preparing for a colposcopy is simple.
Ask your doctor to explain the test in detail.(colposcopy Kenya)
Tell your doctor if you think you may be pregnant.
Schedule your colposcopy procedure for when you will not have your period.
You may want to take an over-the-counter pain reliever about an hour before the exam to reduce the chance of discomfort. Ask your health care provider in advance to recommend a pain reliever.
Do not douche, use tampons, put medications in your vagina, or have vaginal intercourse for at least 24 hours before the procedure.
A colposcopy may be used when
you have abnormal Pap or HPV test results
your cervix looks abnormal during a pelvic exam
you need to find the cause of unexplained bleeding or other problems
A colposcopy procedure is used to determine whether more tests or treatments are needed.
Places you can have colposcopy in Kenya
Most of major hospitals in Kenya offer colposcopy test and prices vary with each hospital